Novi Bečej municipality is one of the municipalities that stands on the river Tisa in the centre of Vojvodina and is one of five municipalities that belongs to Central Banat region. It is situated on the left bank of the river Tisa, 66km from its mouth to the river Danube and it is the only town at the river Tisa which center is on the river bank and has the most beautiful Tisa Quay. There are three more villages in this municipality: Novo Miloševo, Kumane and Bočar.
Except its international waterway on the river Tisa, Novi Bečej is connected to Danube through channel network, near Bezdan and Bela Crkva. The railway goes through every populated place, across Pančevo, Zrenjanin and Kikinda to Belgrade and Timisoara, and across Subotica to Szeged. Regional road of the first order goes through municipality and connects Novi Sad and Kikinda and goes to Romania. Two regional roads of the second order connects Novi Bečej and Zrenjanin and Belgrade, and the other one connects Novi Bečej to Bašaid and Nova Crnja and goes to Romania. Industrial zone is next to the railway and the road that goes to Romania and those which are situated in Novi Bečej are on the channel banks.
Novi Bečej municipality has the territory of 609km2. According to Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia in 2005 it has a population of 25,918 which is 1,006 inhabitants less than in 2002. From this number, 9,817 inhabitants are younger than 30 of which 4,702 females and 4,362 inhabitants are older than 65 of which 2,677 are females. The largest number of inhabitants are between 40 and 50 and they are capable of working but considering the fact that they are the biggest victims of transition, we can conclude that municipality is not in very good position. From the total number of inhabitants 70% are Serbs, 19% are Hungarians, 3.5% are Romani people and the others are undeclared or in small number. These data lead to conclusion that Orthodox and Catholic religions overcome.
The position of Novi Bečej municipality (the centre of Vojvodina) and a decent traffic infrastructure (especially waterway) are its biggest comparative advantages. With the cooperation with Bečej municipality, that has been intensive lately, this micro region could become the center of regional development. Among international organization, only the Red Cross works in the municipality but there were many EU projects that gave excellent results and were done through EAR (European Agency for Reconstruction). The international cooperation is also visible in long-term relationship with twin towns in Hungary (Mezőtúr), Slovakia (Štúrovo), BiH (Bosanska Krupa) as well as many contacts with towns and local authorities in Hungary, Romania, Austria, Croatia, etc.
Considering the fact that almost every local firm has the owner who doesn’t live in Novi Bečej, or they live abroad, their contacts with local authorities are kept to formal visits and attempts to be tax free (there are exceptions, of course). Local authorities are trying to be cooperative and to speed up paperwork, but owners probably expect more so they are very reserved. The contact between municipality and Austrian firm for waste disposal, Brantner, has been made recently. Brantner got the job of collecting, taking and desposing municipal waste. Many other contacts with potential investors were made and the results will come soon. With the help of National Investment Plan (NIP), the municipality is preparing the industrial zone “East” where lots will be given under the very good condition depending of investment amount, the number of employed people and the time of realization. In accordance with its capabilities, the municipality invests in infrastructure and improves living conditions (rain and sewerage system, streets and roads, playgrounds, etc.)
In the last years, the local authorities have been trying to work on internal and external image of the municipality through landscaping and decorating the ambient units as well as to improve the opinion of the locals about themselves. Several projects for renewing cultural inheritance were already implemented or the implementation is in progress. For other projects, funds are provided and the implementation will start soon. Besides this, there are many activities that have been done for sustainable tourism development, respectively for tourist exploitation of protected areas. All of these are connected to creating awareness about values in a community. The important part in this, play the environmental NGOs. Basically, locals are very proud when someone commend their community values and they can be really good hosts, but they are not yet ready to make an effort to preserve old and create new values. For the most of people, the quality of life reflects in good food and drinks. It is obvious that it is necessary to determine more goals for all residents who need to strive and work on them together. It is the only chance to catch up with Europe and to the rest of the world.
According to its geomorphological features, Novi Bečej municipality is on a loess terrace, elevation is from 76m to 86m. This loess terrace is leaned towards the river Tisa. It is going down, with cut outs, into the alluvial plain of the river Tisa. This plain is lower than loess terrace for 8m to 10m and is also leaned towards Tisa. Its elevation, nearby Novi Bečej is 77m and is very narrow. This is the river bank which is very significant for tourism. However, in the municipality and along the whole river flow, these coasts are not developed for tourism and they serve only for fishing.
Annual water and air temperature trends shows that the values grow continuously from January to July and August, and that they go down from September to the end of year. Air temperature usually reaches maximum in July, while water temperature reaches its maximum in August due to slower warming of water. Both temperature values enable swimming in the river Tisa during summer months and having sports activities on the water at the end of spring and beginning of autumn.
Climate in Potisje and Novi Bečej is good for summer tourism-beach, sports and recreation (in June, July, August) and nautical tourism from April to October, as well as for other recreational activities in coastal area.
We already know that many ecosystems on Earth, numerous plants and animals are in danger of disappearing. Unfortunately, Serbia is not different from the rest of the world. Many biogeocenosis are in danger and many biotopes are threatened with extinction. This is why all the actions for preserving biodiversity are so important, on the whole planet and in small areas, but with the respect for international sustainable development concept. This means using nature’s and anthropogenic resources without endangerment, destruction and degradation. There are endangered biotopes in Novi Bečej municipality as well. They have global significance and their survive and development should be based on sustainability. These biotopes are Special Nature Reserve Slano Kopovo and Pearl Island.